Sifting through the 1900 U.S. Census in search of Chamorro people and their families so far has netted me 159 people. At the time, these people resided across three U.S. Territories: Alaska, Arizona and Hawaii; and two States: Washington and California. As a refresher, Guam, at least the civilian sector, was not included in the U.S. Census until 1920.

If you have read some of my previous articles, you might have noticed that some of the surnames may have been phonetically spelled and recorded in official documents. This continues to hold true for several of the surnames of those found in the 1900 Census.

1900 Chamorro Diaspora U.S. Map

Alaska

I was quite surprised to find two people (one who had a family) living/working in Alaska. At Hunters Bay Cannery, Manuel Conception, age 33, was recorded as a Cook.

The other was John Fratis, listed as from the “Chamorro,” Tribe and Clan, and a farmer at the age of 54. He was married to Ankeelena an Aleut, age 26. Together, they had four children living with them on Saint Paul, Alaska: Simeon (6), Agrafina (8), Uliana (4), and Martha (1). According to the Census document John Fratis arrived in Alaska sometime in March 1869.

Arizona

Only one person by the name of Enas Logan, single, age 24 was listed in Maricopa, Arizona with the occupation of “Day laborer.” He immigrated to the U.S. sometime in 1888.

California

California had a total of 26 people with ties to Guam. Only two men were married, both to women of Mexican descent and no children. The five areas of California occupied were Almaden, Bodega, San Francisco, Soquel, and Ocean. Most of them were laborer of sorts, cooks long shoremen and fishermen.

Surnames found were Adriano, Castro, Ferran, Flores, Garcia, Gerrero/Gurreiro, Gumatata, Lasama, Logan, Lorindo, Martinez, Mazza, Mendiola, Oroso, Peres/Perez, Sauders, Yarrado

Hawaii

As expected, the Hawaiian Islands had the majority where I identified 120 people with ties to Guam. The four primary Hawaiian Islands occupied by these people were inclusive of:

  • Oahu (Honolulu and Ewa) – 66
  • Hawaii (Big Island) – 19
  • Maui (Makawao, Wailuku and Lahaina) – 23
  • Kauai (Koloa and Lihui) – 5

Men that had families married women primarily from Hawaiian or Portuguese descent; one man married a woman of Singapore descent while another had married a woman with origins from the Azores Islands.

Surnames were comprised of Arriola/Arreola, Castro, Cruz/Kruz, Duenas, Foster, Guerrero, Ignacio, Legama, Luhan, Pangelinan, Otis, Perez, Reys, Rose, Sanpos, Santos, and Tenora.

Washington

Only two men, both single, were found in Washington State. George August, age 66 was a farmer in Port Madison, Washington. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1860. While Domingo Blas, age 32, was a Sailor in Aberdeen Town and immigrated to the U.S. in April 1868.

Reference:

United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900.


[Click "READ MORE" below to view the names]


Last Name

First Name

Marital Status

Color/Race

DOB

Place of Birth

Location

Fratis

John

M

Chamorro

Jun 1845

Guam

St Paul Island, Alaska

Fratis

Ankeelena

M

Aluet

Unk

Alaska

St Paul Island, Alaska

Fratis

Simeon

S

Aluet

Feb 1894

Alaska

St Paul Island, Alaska

Fratis

Agrafina

S

Aluet

Jun 1892

Alaska

St Paul Island, Alaska

Fratis

Uliana

S

Aluet

Jan 1896

Alaska

St Paul Island, Alaska

Fratis

Martha

S

Aluet

Feb 1899

Alaska

St Paul Island, Alaska

Conception

Manuel

M

W

1867

Guam

Hunters Bay Cannery, Alaska

August

George

S

W

Dec 1834

Guam

Port Madison, Washington

Blas

Domingo

S

B

Apr 1868

Guam

Aberdeen Town, Washington

Castro

Peter

S

W

Feb 1858

Guam

Soquel, California

Adriano

Joseph

S

W

Aug 1872

Guam

Soquel, California

Perez

Joaquin

S

W

Oct 1880

Guam

Soquel, California

Mendiola

Joseph

S

W

Jun 1872

Guam

Soquel, California

Castro

Peter

S

W

Jan 1843

Guam

Soquel, California

Castro

Manuel

S

W

Sep 1862

Guam

Bodega, California

Ferran

Angel

S

W

Feb 1875

Guam

Almaden, California

Lorindo

Cruzi

S

W

Jan 1870

Guam

Bodega, California

Garcia

John

S

W

Feb 1875

Guam

Bodega, California

Gerrero

Ben

S

W

1877

Guam

San Francisco, California

Gurreiro

Mariano

S

Guam

Mar 1860

Guam

Bodega, California

Lasama

Benjamin

M

Guam

Apr 1873

Guam

Bodega, California

Lasama

Alvarado E

M

W

Nov 1862

Mexico

Bodega, California

Lasama

Joseph

S

Guam

Mar 1875

Guam

Bodega, California

Oroso

Joseph

S

Guam

Apr 1875

Guam

Bodega, California

Gumatata

Louis

S

Guam

Nov 1877

Guam

Bodega, California

Logan

Frank

S

W

Apr 1874

Guam

Soquel, California

Logan

Enas

S

W

Jun 1876

Guam

Maricopa, Arizona

Martinez

Ben

M

Un

Apr 1856

Guam

San Francisco, California

Martinez

Luciana

M

W

Unk

Mexico

San Francisco, California

Martinez

Nicholas

S

Un

Unk

Guam

San Francisco, California

Martinez

Peter

S

W

Jun 1875

Guam

Soquel, California

Sauders

Joseph

S

W

Jan 1871

Guam

Ocean, California

Mazza

Raymond

S

W

Nov 1868

Guam

Ocean, California

Yarrado

Raymond

S

W

May 1872

Guam

Ocean, California

Peres

John

Wd

W

Jun 1850

Guam

Soquel, California

Flores

Joseph

S

W

Jan 1879

Guam

San Francisco, California

Luhan

Pedro

M

Ca

Aug 1850

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Luhan

Mary

M

H

Oct 1865

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Luhan

Annie

S

H

Sep 1881

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Luhan

Rose

S

H

Aug 1885

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Luhan

Tammy

S

H

Nov 1890

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Luhan

Ben

S

H

Aug 1888

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Luhan

Joseph

S

Ca

Oct 1865

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Luhan

Florense

S

H

Oct 1896

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Luhan

Mary

S

H

Jul 1899

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Arreola

Antone

S

Ca

Nov 1867

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Foster

Ben

S

Ca

Jan 1870

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Arriola

Antone

M

Ca

1870

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Arriola

Alice

M

Ca

May 1871

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Arriola

Rofina

S

Ca

May 1891

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Arriola

Emma

S

Ca

Dec 1892

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Arriola

Alice

S

Ca

Aug 1894

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Arriola

Louisa

S

Ca

Jan 1896

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Castro

Joe

M

Ca

Oct 1872

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Joshua

Rebecca

M

H

1880

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Cruz

Joe

Wd

Ca

May 1827

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Kruz

Antone

Wd

Ca

1838

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Duenas

Joseph

Wd

Ca

Jan 1837

Guam

Makawao, Maui

Duenas

Nasiko

S

PH

Dec 1881

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Duenas

William

M

Ca

Jan 1841

Guam

Makawao, Maui

Duenas

Marie

M

H

Mar 1850

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Duenas

Mary

S

PH

Dec 1887

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Duenas

Enis

S

PH

Dec 1889

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Guerrero

Liwai

M

Ca

Feb 1839

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Keamalu

M

H

Nov 1877

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Reimundo

S

PH

Jun 1894

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Felipe

S

PH

May 1896

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Maria

S

PH

Mar 1898

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Jose

S

PH

Jun 1876

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Basilio

M

Ca

May 1840

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Nicolansa

M

Ca

1855

Singapore

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Max

M

Ca

1877

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Mary

S

Ca

1887

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Kanamo

Annie M.

M

H

1879

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Kanamo

Sammuel

S

PH

1899

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Lisbeth

S

Ch

1898

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

[not listed]

M

Ca

Dec 1861

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Julia

M

PH

Dec 1836

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Julia M

S

PH

Oct 1885

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Rosa

S

PH

Mar 1886

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Frank

S

PH

Feb 1889

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Mariano

S

PH

Mar 1891

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Joa Linai

S

PH

Feb 1892

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Antone S.M.

S

PH

Jul 1897

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Guerrero

Annie

S

PH

Nov 1899

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Igacio

A.

M

Ca

Jan 1855

Guam

Ewa, Oahu

Igacio

Maria

M

Ca

May 1870

Portugal

Ewa, Oahu

Igacio

Maria

S

Ca

Aug 1885

Hawaii

Ewa, Oahu

Igacio

Manuel

S

Ca

Mar 1888

Hawaii

Ewa, Oahu

Igacio

Joe

S

Ca

Nov 1889

Hawaii

Ewa, Oahu

Igacio

Cristina

S

Ca

Jul 1891

Hawaii

Ewa, Oahu

Igacio

Eglaria

S

Ca

Oct 1895

Hawaii

Ewa, Oahu

Igacio

Carry

S

Ca

Jun 1897

Hawaii

Ewa, Oahu

Igacio

Lucy

S

Ca

May 1899

Hawaii

Ewa, Oahu

Legama

Benjamin

M

Ca

Oct 1870

Guam

Kawaihau, Kauai

Legama

Julia

M

Ca

Sep 1878

Portugal

Kawaihau, Kauai

Legama

Charles

S

Ca

Jan 1897

Hawaii

Kawaihau, Kauai

Legama

Louis

S

Ca

Dec 1898

Hawaii

Kawaihau, Kauai

Luhon

Joseph

M

Un

1830

Guam

Koloa, Kauai

Luhon

Mary

M

Un

1860

Hawaii

Koloa, Kauai

Luhon

Joseph

S

Un

1890

Hawaii

Koloa, Kauai

Luhon

John

S

Un

1892

Hawaii

Koloa, Kauai

Ross

Joe

M

LL

1845

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Ross

Mary

M

H

1871

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Loss

Joe

Wd

LL

1845

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Rosario

John

M

LL

1870

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Rosario

Ida

M

H

1872

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Rosario

Lila

S

H

1892

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Perez

Joseph

M

Ca

Jan 1855

Guam

Hamakua, Hawaii

Perez

Leleo

M

H

Oct 1852

Hawaii

Hamakua, Hawaii

Perez

Joseph Jr.

S

PH

Oct 1880

Hawaii

Hamakua, Hawaii

Perez

Kaleialii

S

PH

Jun 1882

Hawaii

Hamakua, Hawaii

Haleilehua

Tho

M

H

Mar 1860

Hawaii

Hamakua, Hawaii

Haleilehua

Kawailehua

M

PH

Sep 1879

Hawaii

Hamakua, Hawaii

Haleilehua

Annie

S

H

Dec 1890

Hawaii

Hamakua, Hawaii

Smith

Kwailohi

M

PH

Mar 1885

Hawaii

Hamakua, Hawaii

Martin

Andrew

Wd

Ca

1839

Guam

Hamakua, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Ben

M

Ca

Dec 1843

Guam

North Kohala, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Macrita

M

Ca

Aug 1864

Azores

North Kohala, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Joaquin

S

Ca

Apr 1884

Hawaii

North Kohala, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Maria

S

Ca

Dec 1885

Hawaii

North Kohala, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Mary Ann

S

Ca

Mar 1888

Hawaii

North Kohala, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Angelina

S

Ca

Dec 1889

Hawaii

North Kohala, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Adeline

S

Ca

mar 1890

Hawaii

North Kohala, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Lorcien

S

Ca

May 1893

Hawaii

North Kohala, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Louis

S

Ca

Nov 1896

Hawaii

North Kohala, Hawaii

Pangelinan

Carlos

S

Ca

Nov 1897

Hawaii

North Kohala, Hawaii

Reys

Raymondo

M

Ca

Sep 1840

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Reys

Mary

M

SS

1869

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Reys

Annie

S

SS

1893

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Reys

Valentine

S

SS

1898

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Calyhan

David

S

PH

1888

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Rose

Joe

S

Ca

1852

Guam

Lihue, Kauai

Sanpos

Joseph

M

SS

Mar 1839

Guam

Honolulu, Oahu

Sanpos

Jinnie

M

PH

1864

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Sanpos

Nicholas

S

PH

May 1892

Hawaii

Honolulu, Oahu

Santos

John

M

Ca

Jun 1835

Guam

Makawao, Maui

Santos

Kahanui L.

M

H

Apr 1858

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Santos

John R.

S

PH

Mar 1883

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Santos

Agnes

S

PH

Aug 1886

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Santos

Miguel

S

PH

May 1890

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Santos

Frank

S

PH

Jun 1896

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Santos

Jacob

S

PH

Jul 1892

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Santos

Peter

S

PH

Aug 1897

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Santos

Louisa

S

PH

Oct 1899

Hawaii

Makawao, Maui

Santos

Antone

M

Ca

Sep 1844

Guam

Wailuku, Maui

Santos

Jose

M

Port

Aug 1862

Guam

Kawaihau, Kauai

Santos

Maria

M

Port

Apr 1874

Portugal

Kawaihau, Kauai

Tenora

Jose

S

SS

Nov 1826

Guam

Kawaihau, Kauai

Otis

Joe

M

Ca

May 1850

Guam

Lahaina, Maui

Otis

Batiseka

M

H

Aug 1851

Hawaii

Lahaina, Maui

Otis

Batiseka

S

PH

Dec 1885

Hawaii

Lahaina, Maui

Otis

Ramon

S

PH

Feb 1889

Hawaii

Lahaina, Maui

Otis

Rosie

S

PH

Jul 1882

Hawaii

Lahaina, Maui

Otis

Anne

S

PH

Dec 1895

Hawaii

Lahaina, Maui

Shaw

George

S

PH

Jan 1898

Hawaii

Lahaina, Maui